Sunday, December 8, 2019
Question: Analyse the utilisation of the three Energy Systems of your chosen Sport or Position. Answer: The three energy system for a basketball player Three energy systems - normally referred as metabolic pathways - are in charge of the reactions inside cells and tissues at the time of exercises and games. These energy systems incorporate the phosphagen, glycolytic and oxidative pathways. For a basketball player, all of these energy systems are fundamental during rivalry. Seeing the majority of the energy system and how they cooperate is critical for the training of basketball and performing on the court. The glycolytic and phosphagen pathways are viewed as "anaerobic" while the oxidative pathway is viewed as "aerobic." During a basketball game, around 85 percent of the energy of athlete originates from the phosphagen framework, trailed by around 15 percent from the glycolytic framework and a little rate from the oxidative framework. The phosphagen framework deals with the performance powerfully, the glycolytic framework deals with the moderate exercises, and the oxidative system deals with low-skilled sports ("AIS Home : AIS : Australian Sports Commission"). ATP-PC System For basketball game which lasts for 10 and 30 seconds, the phosphagen system utilizes adenosine triphosphate-creatine phosphate for energy. The ATP-PC gives speedy blasts of quick energy. Test plays incorporate quickening and running here and there the court, evolving headings, bouncing back, hop shots and playing safeguard. This energy framework requires around 30 to 90 seconds of rest for a full recuperation because of the nonattendance of oxygen amid the conveyance of energy. Anaerobic System Game lasting for 30 and 60 seconds require the glycolytic framework to supply energy. During this energy generation, the body attracts on anaerobic glycolysis to discharge ATP and create lactic acid. The energy source can be utilized for moderate exercises, however, require around 60 to 240 seconds for a full healing. Test plays utilizing the glycolytic energy framework incorporate quick breaks, full-court cautious weight or hostile plays (Bompa and Buzzichelli 2015). Aerobic System The oxidative energy framework is less used, however, it is the most critical for basketball achievement. The oxidative framework, or aerobic system, is basic for constant play over the span of a whole diversion. While the phosphagen and glycolytic frameworks are discharging ATP and lactic corrosive, the oxygen-consuming and oxidative frameworks are recharging these energy stores that enhance the recuperation times for those energy frameworks. Aerobic training for basketball player Basketball training requires a large number of abilities, elevated amounts of focus and top-level physical wellness. High-impact practices like running, bicycling, swimming and jumping rope are a portion of ideal approaches to fabricate your quality and stamina and enhance your oxygen framework with the goal that you'll have the continuance and train to play each amusement at greatest power until the last ringer sounds (Milioni et al. 2017). Running Start each practice by running a couple of laps around the gym or inside the court. To make the run less tiresome, consider spilling a basketball while you run, as you would do when spilling upcourt in a game. Similarly continuous practicing a couple ball taking care of moves, similar to hybrids, through-the-leg and behind the back alters the direction (Fink and Mikesky 2017). Stationary Bicycles Stationary bicycles offer the upside of perseverance preparing without the drawback of high-effect weight on knees and different joints. They're a decent device for chilling off after practice, or a bland exercise in the middle of recreations. Spend around 30 minutes to an hour on the cycle, and exchange your by and large consistent exercise with a couple of higher-rhythm arouses to work in a touch of substantial effort anaerobic preparing (Pereira et al. 2016). Elliptical Machines Elliptical machines merge the exercises of a treadmill and stair climber, offering the advantage of expanded resistance preparing for fortifying your shins, lower legs, calves, biceps, pecs and lower arms, while as yet letting you musically start to sweat and lift your cardio. Bouncing Rope Bouncing rope is an amazing approach to construct cardio wellness and work on your calf and lower leg muscles. Make sure to remain on your toes, and don't escape with speed and destroy yourself too rapidly. The objective is to enhance your continuance and manufacture quality, not charge yourself as far as possible. Swimming Swimming is another superb low-affect oxygen consuming activity for basketball players. Swimming works all muscle gatherings, and the odds of pulling a muscle or putting unnecessary weight on a joint are significantly lessened. Try not to confine yourself to swimming while in the pool, be that as it may. Some mentors advocate utilizing the pool for plyometric activities to improve the briskness and responsiveness of your muscle work. All the standard plyometric activities, for example, squat, split squat, tuck and sidelong can be directed in the water, with far less strain on your back, knees, feet and lower legs than similar moves performed at sea shore. Basketball Practice Structure At Basketball, the coaches can breakdown the practice sessions into 5 sections Dynamic Warm Up/Body Movement Skill Work Team Strategies Scrimmage/Small Sided Games Cool Down In this section firstly it has been discussed about the each section and then it will be discussed that how much time a player will be spending on each sections (Mackenzie 2017). Dynamic Warm Up/Body Movement This area of practice is immediately prohibited by numerous adolescent basketball coaches. Before doing game practice, the players used to do a 2 minute quick warm up. It's critical that we enable players to build up an athletic establishment at earliest. With this establishment set up, it turns out to be substantially less demanding to learn new basketball techniques as they advance (Fliess-Douer et al. 2016). This segment for practice will help the players with considerably more rather than their playing abilities. It will help avoid wounds and help them in all games and developments of life on the grounds that players shouldn't be practicing exclusively in a basketball game at a young age. Skill Work During the time of training, an individual player must give a lot of time for the practice of basketball game. The drills must be interesting with full of fun also including the skill of the players.This incorporates drills that show players how to play the skills development effectively, alongside the drills that help them to realize when to utilize the skill.Drills that enable the player to realize when to utilize the ability are generally skipped over (Chaudhary and Sharma 2015). A lot of mentors will tell the players to practice v-cuts to get open on the border. They'll demonstrate to the players the best way to cut in, the footwork to pass through their defender, and reach out to get the ball. Then the coach will test them and will decide that they are able to play the game or not. If they qualify then they will be able to play the game. Although they are able to do the footwork quite well, the players don't seem to play well. This was because they dont have the experience to play with a defender team. So it is needed to include drills and techniques which will help the players to gain experience Team strategies The team strategies training includes how to defense, offense, how to set the game, and how to deal with special situations. Scrimmages Scrimmages and small sided game are very important for every practice. There are many benefits to using small-sided games. They help the players by giving more chances to touch the ball, more space for practicing the moves, more opportunity to score and much more (Delextrat and Martinez 2014). Cool down The cool down section of the training consist of slow jogging for a couple of minutes, hen walking for a few time and then a few minutes of static stretching. This helps the body temperature to decrease and release all the waste products (Aoki 2017). Given below is the time division of 90 minutes training plan: Dynamic Warm Up/Body Movement 15 Minutes Skill Work 45 Minutes Team Strategy 10 Minutes Scrimmage/SSC 15 Minutes Cool Down 5 Minutes Technology and its contribution to basketball Nowadays many of the technologies are used for the development of sports. In the basketball, a new technology is used known as Replay systems. These systems are frequently utilized as a part of Basketball to ensure a shot was discharged before the last bell. This XOS HD Replay framework is a type of innovation for basketball that allows the authorities to view the game in HD quality. The XOS superior quality Replay System for Basketball just needs a portable workstation and one individual to work (Stevenson et al.2015). Replay frameworks initially began and utilized as a part of the NBA in the 2002-03 season. In Game 4 of the 2002 Western Conference Finals, Los Angeles Lakers forward Samaki Walker made a three-point goal from the half court toward the finish of the second quarter. In any case, the replay demonstrated that Walker's shot was late and that the ball was still in his grasp when the clock lapsed. The utilization of moment replay was organized a while later (Thomas et al. 2017). Replay Systems are a significant change to basketball. It makes it simpler for the arbitrators and different authorities before settling on an official choice which makes the basketball game significantly more exact. It can likewise help the mentors and players, the players can see what they can improve and not to make the mistakes again. Yes, replay system is not only just utilized for basketball, it is also demonstrated all around the world. A lot of different games utilize the replay system just like basketball to enhance their performance and make refereeing significantly more precise. It is utilized for ice hockey, rugby, baseball, cricket and much more. These games are also viewed by the peoples of the other parts of the world which demonstrates that moment replay is utilized all through the entire world, not simply Australia. Replay systems are utilized when the referee is uncertain of what has occurred in the match. For example, a player could have shot the ball just before the ringer and the authorities are uncertain on the off chance that it was out of his hands just before the bell. Instant replay is accessible to NBA players as they are at an extreme level of competition and the games are much intense at the lower levels too. References Mackenzie, Brian. "Brianmac Sports Coach".Brianmac.co.uk. N.p., 2017. Web. 12 June 2017. "AIS Home : AIS : Australian Sports Commission".Ausport.gov.au. N.p., 2017. Web. 12 June 2017. Milioni, F., Zagatto, A.M., Barbieri, R.A., Andrade, V.L., dos Santos, J.W., Gobatto, C.A., da Silva, A.S., Santiago, P.R.P. and Papoti, M., 2017. Energy systems contribution in the running-based anaerobic sprint test.International Journal of Sports Medicine,38(03), pp.226-232. Bompa, T. and Buzzichelli, C., 2015.Periodization Training for Sports, 3E. Human kinetics. Fink, H.H. and Mikesky, A.E., 2017.Practical applications in sports nutrition. Jones Bartlett Learning. Delextrat, A. and Martinez, A., 2014. Small-sided game training improves aerobic capacity and technical skills in basketball players.International journal of sports medicine,35(05), pp.385-391. Pereira, R.N., Abreu, M.F.R., Gonalves, C.B., Corra, W.F.S., Mizuhira, D.R. and Moreno, M.A., 2016. Respiratory muscle strength and aerobic performance of wheelchair basketball players.Motriz: Revista de Educao Fsica,22(3), pp.124-132. Chaudhary, N. and Sharma, S.K., 2015. Effects of Basketball Skill Based Drills Practice with Aerobic Training on Leg Explosive Power of Basketball Players.International Journal of Physical Education Sports Management and Yogic Sciences,5(4), pp.36-38. Aoki, M.S., Ronda, L.T., Marcelino, P.R., Drago, G., Carling, C., Bradley, P.S. and Moreira, A., 2017. Monitoring Training Loads in Professional Basketball Players Engaged in a Periodized Training Program.The Journal of Strength Conditioning Research,31(2), pp.348-358. Stevenson, J.H., Beattie, C.S., Schwartz, J.B. and Busconi, B.D., 2015. Assessing the Effectiveness of Neuromuscular Training Programs in Reducing the Incidence of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries in Female Athletes A Systematic Review.The American journal of sports medicine,43(2), pp.482-490. Thomas, G., Gade, R., Moeslund, T.B., Carr, P. and Hilton, A., 2017. Computer vision for sports: Current applications and research topics.Computer Vision and Image Understanding. Fliess-Douer, O., Mason, B., Katz, L. and So, C.H.R., 2016. Sport and technology.Training and Coaching the Paralympic Athlete, p.150.
Sunday, December 1, 2019
William Buttler Yeats William Butler Yeats was born in Dublin Ireland. From the start Yeats had artistic influences, due to the fact that his father Jack Butler Yeats was a noted Irish painter. He had no formal education until he was eleven, at that time he started at the Godolphin Grammar School in Hammer*censored*h England and later he enrolled in Erasmus Smith High School in Dublin. Throughout his schooling he was considered disappointing student, his studies were inconsistent, he was prone to day dreaming, and poor at sports. In 1884 Yeats found his way to the Metropolitan School for the Arts, here he met a poet by the name of George Russell. Yeats and Russell sheared the same dreams, visions, and the enthusiasm for them. Russell and Yeats soon founded the Dublin Hermetic Society for the purpose of conducting magical experiments. They promoted their idea that "whatever great poets had affirmed in there finest moments was the nearest we could come to an authoritative religion and that their mythology and their spirits of wind and water were but literal truth." This sparked Yeats's interest in the study of the occult. After his experience in the hermetic society he joined the Rosicrucians, Madam H.P. Blavavtsky's Theosophical Society, and MacGregors Mather's Order of the Dawn. Yeats consulted spiritualists frequently and engaged in the ritual of conjuring the Irish Gods. The occult research Yeats made was apparent in his poetry. The occult was a source of images to use in his poems, and evedence of this is in all of his works. In1885 Yeats met John O'Leary an Irish Nationalist and Fenian leader. O'Leary played a large role on getting Yeats's his work first published in The Dublin University Review and directing Yeats's attention to native Irish sources for inspiration. The influence of O'Leary caused Yeats to take up the Irish writer's cause. England was trying to destroy all Irish literature in an attempt to anglicize Ireland through a ban on the Gaelic language. O'Leary's nationalism and opposition to violence impressed many people including Yeats. These views helped shape political views that Yeats would hold for the rest of his life. In 1889Yeats met Maude Gonne, a woman he loved unrequitedly for the rest of his life. Yeats asked Gonne to marry him many times but she always turned him down. Gonne was an Irish patriot and an inspiration to Yeats. Yeats frequently accompanied here to political rallies even though he usually disagreed with her extremist tactics. Their relationship went through a lot including Gonne's short-lived marrige to John McBride. Most of Yeats's poetry is addressed to her. Yeats associated her with Helen of Troy, whose capriciousness led to the destruction of a civilization. In 1986 Yeats became friends with Lady Isabella Augusta Gregory, a nationalist playwright. Together Yeats and Lady Gregory helped to found the Abbey Theater. As the director and dramatist Yeats helped to turn it into a leading theatrical company of the world and a center of the Irish Renaissance. Near the Turn of the century Yeats fought to abandon his old style of writing, at this time his writing became less mystical and symbolic and it became clearer. Yeats eventually got married in 1917, at the age of 52. His wife was Georgie Hyde-Lees, while on their honeymoon she discovered that she had mediumistic abilities. Through automatic writing she could communicate with a visionary realm. In Yeats's later years he became more involved in politics. From 1922 ? 1928 he was a senator for the Irish Free State. In 1923 Yeats received the Nobel Prize for literature, and died on January 18 1939 in Roquebrune France. Yeats was buried in Sligo Ireland. A Drunken Mans Praise of Sobriety Come swish around my pretty punk And keep me dancing still That I may stay a sober man Although I drank my fill. Sobriety is a jewel That I do much adore, And therefore keep dancing Though drunkards lie and snore. O mind your feet, O mind your feet Keep dancing like a wave, And under every dancer A dead man in his grave. No ups no downs, my Pretty, A mermaid not a punk; A drunkard is a dead man And all dead men are drunk. This is a lyrical poem, which Yeats wrote in 1938. The title sounds like it's a poem about a recovering alcoholic, but it seems that the person that Yeats is talking about is drunk. It also appears that he is such an alcoholic that he is drinking to feel normal. The line "Sobriety is
Tuesday, November 26, 2019
The final mother The final mother-daughter relationship Essay The final mother-daughter relationship Essay Essay Topic: The Winters Tale Jeanettes mother is a powerful woman in her home and church and forcibly puts forward her views. She is selfish and ruthless and sulks if God does not concur with her will for destruction making her an outside target for mockery. Jeanette is a pawn in her mothers tag match against the rest of the world (p. 3) She does not let her maternal role hinder her career in the church. It is only with Jeanettes shock revelation of Lesbianism that her mother seems to change a little nearer the end of the novel: Her awareness that oranges are not the only fruit seems to suggest she has changed her one mindedness, especially as she becomes more like Elsie in the end and is able to express love and acceptance to Jeanette; However she will always be at war with the world and homosexuality with always be demonised and could never be accepted in the eyes of the lord I love you almost as much as I love the Lord. We see the constraints in Jeanette and her mothers relationship when Miss Jewesbury has forced Jeanettes mother to get medical attention for Jeanettes deafness. Her mother has little comfort and simply writes her a letter prods (p. 27) and leaves her alone. Her mothers devotion and infatuation with the missionary has forced Jeanette to originally believe she was filled with the Holy Spirit however, when medical authority overrules this Jeanette feels her mothers abandonment. Jeanettes mother offers little maternal care and brings oranges as a substitute for the maternal longing Jeanette wants and the short, bluntness of So I was alone. emphasises the isolation Jeanette feels. The lack of involvement and emotional distance in this familys personal relationship is iterated by the fact that Jeanettes mother could not attend and would send her husband usually with a letter and a couple of oranges (p. 29) The use of the word husband also could be an expression of Jeanettes sense of her fathers insignificance in terms of his influence in the family, or source of support. The final mother-daughter relationship we are made slightly aware of is that of Rubys and her little nut-brown girls (p. 381) Ruby as a mother in present generation is able to rule her individual life, the expectance of womens roles through the generations are all contrasted here as Ruby gains her own confidence to be the mother figure she always aspired to be, and has the courage to, when she realises shes leading the wrong life (p. 360) completely start again and thus not become the foolish mother (p. 381) bringing the whole cyclic focus of the book to an end the endless repetitive cycle of family history is finalised with the notion that women now have the chance to change roles from a martyred wife (p. 170) to ending the novel on a strong confirmation of personal identity; I am alive. I am a precious jewel. I am a drop of blood. I am Ruby Lennox. (p. 382). In OANTOF the main character, Jeanette, and her mother are engaged in a quest to attain a sense of identity beyond the limitations placed on them as relatively poor women in a male dominated, class prejudiced society. Both women are put in a place of lesser importance and unaware segregation Jeanette for her sexuality and her mother because of her faith. This indifference from society causes them to be almost in exile also seen in BTSATM but their sense of being called to be apart (p. 42) simultaneously enables them to forge an identity for themselves in defiance of the culturally, compulsory prescribed roles for women of the time. Jeanette and her mother could be said to be orphaned as her mother was abandoned by her middle class family when she marries Jack, and Jeanette is given up for adoption. This seems the opportunity for self-creation, as it does for many of the orphaned characters of nineteenth century fiction, among them Jane Eyre, whose life story seems to echo that of the real and imagined stories of Jeanette and her mother. The tale of Jane Eyre is essential in understanding the key themes and meaning of OANTOF as Jeanettes mother is able to revise the plot to perfection, it seems, however we later learn how this account is a flawed perception in order to shelter Jeanette from the realities of sin outside the missionary Jane Eyre (in Jeanettes mothers version) marries the ambitious missionary St John Rivers rather than the passionate almost Byronic hero Rochester, this could be interpreted as Jeanettes mothers plan for a devoted life to the missionary for Jeanette. The opening of the book immediately engages the reader and makes us aware of the strong sense of Jeanettes mothers personality and outlook on life; my mother liked to wrestle; it didnt matter what. She was in the white corner and that was that (p. 3) this quote suggests that the novel will deal with typical issues of growing up in a nuclear family. The dual narrative Winterson uses here mocks Jeanettes mothers doctrinaire, narrow minded views and is expressed through a typically childlike list of friends an enemies reducing Jeanettes mothers status and importance. Jeanettes mothers confrontational attitude is demonstrated by the fact she wanted the Mormons to knock on the door (p. 3) so that she could wrestle with them. Automatically we realise Jeanettes mothers struggle with the Rest of the World to assert her devout convictions. We see the difficulty in Jeanette and her mothers relationship in that we are, significantly, not only told that Jeanette was on her mothers list of friends only at first, but the layout of the text reinforces Jeanettes relegation of me predictably to the enemies list; It is this anticipation of the plot that prepares the reader for mother-daughter conflict. Jeanette will only stay on the friends list if she conforms to her mothers plan for her to become a missionary. Her mothers desire for power and influence is mocked here as she aspired to be the first virginal pregnancy; she was very bitter about the Virgin Mary getting there first (p. 3). There is much irony directed against Jeanettes mother due to the comparison between her bitterness and selfishness against the sympathetic qualities of the Virgin Mary. Winterson uses the Bible to undermine its authority and her mothers views; We had no wise men because she didnt believe there were any wise men, but we had sheep (p. 4). Both novels employ an immediacy structurally to highlight the nuclear dysfunctionality for example both books start the central theme on their first pages, even by a Foetal Ruby. Ruby in BTSATM illustrates her fathers drunkard like qualities and unloving routine like quality to the act of making love with her mother as he rolls off her mother and plunges into a dreamless sleep thanks to the five pints (p. 1). This structural immediacy is seen in OANTOF also as the first page sets out the tone for the rest of the novel and includes humorous narrative in order to mock her mother and her innate combative nature. Jeanettes father, Jack, contrasts his wife strongly in that he is the Joseph to her Virgin Mary. He occasionally will rebel against his wifes authority, for example watching the wrestling on a Sunday however he is still presented as a passive figure to her mother. Jeanette feels sympathy for her poor dad (p. 11) and realises his dissatisfaction and inferiority to her mother, he was never quite good enough (p. 11) and did not push himself (p. 8). His absence from the majority of the novel illustrates the unimportance of him as a source of paternity. Both fathers are rarely mentioned in both novels, representing the authors feelings as fathers being the lacking role, the two books can almost be seen as feminist in this respect. In conclusion both texts have obvious similarities in relation to the representation of family relationships, as both Atkinson and Winterson use two mothers struggles with society to exaggerate their dysfunctionality within their family and both mothers also suffer from the yearning for another man, with Jeanettes mother wanting Pastor Spratt and Bunty wanting the life she was about to have before being deserted by her fianci. However there are differences also in that Jeanette learns from her mothers authoritative confidence in qualities to help herself with her lesbianism whereas Ruby learns from her mothers mistakes, and vows to change her life unlike her mother did.
Friday, November 22, 2019
Jonathan Edwards - Colonial Clergyman of the Great Awakening Ã Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758) was an extremely important and influential clergyman in the New England colonial America. He has been given credit for beginning the Great Awakening and his writings provide insights into colonial thought.Ã Early Years Jonathan Edwards was born on October 5, 1703 in East Windsor, Connecticut. His father was Reverend Timothy Edwards and his mother, Esther, was the daughter of another Puritan clergyman, Solomon Stoddard. He was sent to Yale College at the age of 13 where he was extremely interested in natural science while there and also read widely including works by John Locke and Sir Isaac Newton. John Lockes philosophy had a huge impact on his personal philosophy. After graduating from Yale at 17, he studied theology for two more years before becoming a licensed preacher in the Prsbyterian Church. In 1723, he earned his Master of Theology Degree. He served a New York congregation for two years before returning to Yale to serve as a tutor.Ã Personal Life In 1727, Edwards married Sarah Pierpoint. She was the granddaughter of the influential Puritan minister Thomas Hooker. He was the founder of theÃ Connecticut Colony following a dissent with the Puritan leaders in Massachusetts.Together they had eleven children.Ã Heading His First CongregationÃ In 1727, Edwards was given a position as the assistant minister under his grandfather on his mothers side, Solomon Stoddard in Northampton, Massachusetts. When Stoddard passed away in 1729, Edwards took over as the minister in charge of a congregation that included important political leaders and merchants. He was much more conservative than his grandfather.Ã Edwardseanism Lockes Essay Concerning Human Understanding had a huge impact on Edwards theology as he tried to grapple with mans free will combined with his own beliefs in predestination. He believed in the need for a personal experience of God. He believed that only after a personal conversion instituted by God could free will be turned away from human needs and towards morality. In other words, only Gods grace could give someone the ability to follow God.Ã In addition, Edwards also believed that the end times were near. He believed that with the coming of Christ, each person would have to give account of their lives on earth. His goal was a pure church filled with true believers. As such, he felt that it was his responsibility to ensure that his church members lived according to strict personal standards. He would only allow those he felt truly accepted Gods grace could partake of the sacrament of the Lords Supper in the church.Ã The Great Awakening As previously stated, Edwards believed in a personal religious experience. From 1734-1735, Edwards preached a number of sermons about justification of faith. This series led to a number of conversions among his congregation. Rumors about his preaching and sermons spread to surrounding areas of Massachusetts and Connecticut. Word spread even as far as Long Island Sound.Ã During this same period, traveling preachers had begun a series of evangelist meetings calling on individuals to turn away from sin throughout the New England colonies. This form of evangelism focused on personal salvation and a correct relationship with God. This era has been called the Great Awakening. The evangelists produced huge emotions. Many churches were disapproving of itinerant preachers. They felt that the charismatic preachers were often not sincere. They didnt like the lack of propriety in the meetings. In fact, there were laws passed in some communities to ban preachers the right to hold revivals unless they had been invited by a licensed minister. Edwards agreed with much of this but did not believe that the results of revivals should be discounted.Ã Sinners in the Hands of an Angry GodÃ Probably Edwards most well-known sermon is called Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God. He not only delivered this at his home parish but also in Enfield, Connecticut on July 8, 1741. This fiery sermon discusses the pains of hell and the importance of devoting ones life to Christ to avoid this fiery pit. According to Edwards, There is nothing that keeps wicked men, at any one moment, out of hell, but the mere pleasure of God. As Edwards says, All wicked mensÃ painsÃ andÃ contrivanceÃ they use to escapeÃ hell, while they continue to reject Christ, and so remain wicked men, dont secure em from hell one moment. Almost every natural man that hears of hell, flatters himself that he shall escape it; he depends upon himself for his own security....Ã But the foolish children of men do miserably delude themselves in their own schemes, and in their confidence in their own strength and wisdom; they trust to nothing but a shadow.Ã However, as Edward says, there is hope for all men. And now you have an extraordinary opportunity, a day wherein Christ has flung the door of mercy wide open, and stands in the door calling and crying with a loud voice to poor sinners... As he summed up, Therefore let everyone that is out of Christ, now awake and fly from the wrath to come... [L]et everyone fly out of Sodom. Haste and escape for your lives, look not behind you, escape to the mountain, lest you be consumed [Genesis 19:17].Ã Edwards sermon had a huge effect at the time in Enfield, Connecticut. In fact, an eyewitness named Stephen Davis wrote that people were crying out throughout the congregation during his sermon, asking how to avoid hell and be saved. In his today, reaction to Edwards was mixed. However, there is no denying his impact. His sermons are still read and referred to by theologians to this day.Ã Later Years Some members of Edwards church congregation were not happy with Edwards conservative orthodoxy. As previously stated, he enforced strict rules for his congregation to be considered part of those who could partake in the Lords Supper. In 1750, Edwards attempted to institute discipline on some of the children of prominent families who were caught looking at a midwives manual that was considered a bad book. Over 90% of the members of congregation voted to remove Edwards from his position as minister. He was 47 at the time and was assigned to minister to a mission church on the frontier in Stockbridge, Massachusetts. He preached to this small group of Native Americans and at the same time spent the years writing many theological works including Freedom of the Will (1754), The Life of David Brainerd (1759), Original Sin (1758), and The Nature of True Virtue (1765). You can currently read any of Edwards works through the Jonathan Edwards Center at Yale University. Further, one of the resid ential colleges at Yale University, Jonathan Edwards College, was named after him. Ã In 1758, Edwards was hired as the president of the College of New Jersey which is now called Princeton University. Unfortunately, he only served for two years in that position before he died after he had an adverse reaction to a smallpox vaccination. He died on March 22, 1758 and is buried in Princeton Cemetery.Ã Legacy Edwards is seen today as an example of revival preachers and an initiator of the Great Awakening. Many evangelists today still look to his example as a way to preach and create conversions. In addition, many descendants of Edwards went on to be prominent citizens. He was the grandfather of Aaron Burr and an ancestor ofÃ Edith Kermit Carow who was Theodore Roosevelts second wife. In fact, according to George Marsden in Jonathan Edwards: A Life, his progeny included thirteen presidents of colleges and sixty-five professors.Ã Further Reference Ciment, James. Colonial America: An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, Cultural, and Economic History. M. E. Sharpe: New York. 2006.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Fed May Cut Rate Below Inflation, Risking Bubbles - Essay Example As noted by Mishkin (2006), the interdependence of international monetary systems has created a situation which no economy can be considered an island on its own insulated from developing situations in other economic regions of the world. The interest rate reduction by the Federal Reserve has caused shockwaves across the oceans and financial markets around the world have been forced to reduce their interest rates as well (Torres and Kennedy, 2008). Additionally, as interest rates are reduced, investors can consider it more feasible to invest in securities which carry more risk since the rewards for investing in banks seems less attractive (Mishkin, 2006). This means that stocks become more desirable due to the higher returns on investment provided by them. The interest rate cuts has helped the stock markets as reported by the article where Standard and PoorÃ¢â¬â¢s 500 Index rose almost a full percentage point and even the global stock markets showed a positive turn as the MSCI World Index also displayed an increase of 0.8 percent (Torres and Kennedy, 2008). However, there does appear to be some conflict between what is happening in the economy as compared to what the Federal Reserve is doing since the steps being taken by them are usually taken during a recession. While some signs in the economy are recessionary, it is difficult to say that alarm bells should start ringing so quickly in the offices of the Federal Reserve (Torres and Kennedy, 2008). Perhaps a more cautionary approach would be more justifiable since such levels of interest rates could create economic bubbles where many investors could lose billions. Such a warning is given quite clearly in the article itself which warns that credit seekers would get a very good bargain at the moment but this could lead to over lending by the banks in effect leading the country towards another stream of consumer credit problems (Torres and Kennedy, 2008). With rising levels of unemployment and increasing costs
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Modern Political Ideologies Seminar Journal - Essay Example During the interwar period, which is considered to be a not so positive time for Conservatism in Britain, the ideology has been seen as inclined towards the defense of class privileges and of the status quo, a negative opposition to Socialism, and a interest centers commercialist approach to the rising Nazi menace in the 1030s (Fair, 1987, p. 549). The difference between conservative ideology and ideational ideologies has led to non conservatives to deny any intellectual content to conservatism which led to conservatives attacking all the other ideologies. In HuntingtonÃ¢â¬â¢s view, both parties are wrong because they have minimized its intellectual significance. He explained that the conservative ideology as an intellectual rationale of the permanent prerequisites of human existence (Huntington, 1957, p. 168). It has a high and necessary function. As a case in point, when a society is under threat, the conservatism acts as a reminder to men of the necessity of some institutions and the desirability of the existing ones. As he had said, conservative ideology is not the absence of change; rather, it is the articulate, systematic, theoretical resistance to change (Huntington, 1957, p. 168). The term conservative ideology is different from one society to the other. For one, the aristocrats are the conservatives in Prussia in the 1820s; slave-owners are the conservatives in the South in the early 1850s while the liberals are considered the conservatives in America and other parts of the world. As seen in history, American liberals have been idealist, lobbying goals of greater freedom, social equality, and more meaningful democracy. Conservatism can also be seen as shaping mechanism of events rather than merely reactionary as can be seen in DisraeliÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policy wherein it focused on the necessity for Britain to act constructively as a moderating and mediating power and to maintain its interest in the whole empire (Rayner 1995, p.
Saturday, November 16, 2019
Theory Nike Essay Moreover , decentralization is a matter of degree, since all organizations are decentralized to some extent out of necessity. At one extreme, a strongly decentralized organization is one in which even the lowest-level managers and employees are empowered to make decisions. At the other extreme, in a strongly decentralized organization, lower-level managers have little freedom to make decisions. On the other hand, in a centralized organization, the decisions are made by top executives or on the basis of pre-set policies. These decisions or policies are then enforced through several tiers of the organization after gradually broadening the span of control until it reaches the bottom tier. Centralization is said to be a process where the concentration of decision making is in a few hands. All the important decision and actions at the lower level, all subjects and actions at the lower level are subject to the approval of top management. According to John R. Schermerhorn(2002) , Ã¢â¬Å"CentralizationÃ¢â¬ is the systematic and consistent reservation of authority at central points in the organization. The difference between a centralized and a decentralized system of organization is that in a centralized structure all the decision making and authority are focused on the top tier of management. These few people are the ones that dictate company policy and make all the crucial decisions. A decentralized system, on the other hand, delegates authority throughout the organization and to all levels of management. Advantages of centralization include an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to be able to keep a tight grip on all aspects of the business.